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Conflicts from the perspective of nationalism: case of Georgia

Zurab Targamadze

vol. VII(1,2)

Pages 133-145


Abstract

Georgia is a country, with two existing confl icts. The majority of the population

thinks that confl icts emerged in the last century. It is believed, that the problem

is only political and related to the geopolitical condition. We fully agree

with the position according to which the current political confl icts between

Georgians and Abkhazians and Georgians and Ossetians has been provoked by

Russia in the beginning and moreover for the end of the twentieth century. But,

now we try to observe these confl icts from the perspective of Nationalism.

According to the current theories, development of such collective-cultural

identities, like ethnic groups and moreover the nations depend on many sensitive

aspects. Except for economic, political and territorial issues, the most important

is faith of common myths and symbols. The birth of nationalism, on

which the formation of nation is based, is closely related and even inspired by

the cultural conceptualization. In such time the strong feeling of authenticity

and therefore neediness of separating from the other ones becomes inevitable.

In the 18th century, cultural movement, which aroused in the Kingdom of

Kartl-Kakheti, contained important ethno-cultural messages, according to

which the Georgian unity sharply was divided from the others. In 19th century

Ilia Chavchavadze, the founder of Georgian Nation, tried to rethink and shape

new identity perception. However, since 1921, after the sovietization Georgian

nationalism entirely was concentrated on the ethnical and religious moments.

In the presented paper, considering the historical past, we will try to understand

the modern challenges faced Georgian society.

Keywords: Nationalism, Nation, Identity and History of Georgia.

Zurab Targamadze
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