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Foreign policy decision-making actors in the Republic of Turkey: a legal analysis

Avetik Harutyunyan

vol. IX(2)

Pages 30-50


Abstract: Based on an investigation of the relevant legal documents,

this article analyzes the scope of authority of the following state

institutions in foreign policy decision-making in the Republic of

Turkey: the president, the Grand National Assembly, the Council of

Ministers (together with the Prime Minister and Ministry of Foreign

Affairs), the National Security Council (along with the Armed Forces),

and the Security and Foreign Policy Council (from 2018). It traces the

development of the legal framework concerning the powers and duties

of these institutions from the establishment of the Republic to the

present and elaborates on its impact on the level of their involvement in

foreign policy decision-making in various political circumstances and

time periods. The article argues that after the establishment of the

Republic, sufficient legal framework was gradually developed to make

foreign policy decision-making in Turkey more pluralistic with several

state institutions included in the process, while the constitutional

changes of 2017, on the contrary, were meant to centralize foreign

policy decision-making powers around the President and his office.

Keywords: Turkish foreign policy; decision-making in Turkey; foreign

policy decision-making; decision-making actors

Avetik Harutyunyan
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