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Manifestations of neo-Conservatism in US Middle East policy during the presidency of George W. Bush

Astghik Hayrapetyan

vol. IX(1)

Pages 68-86

Abstract: US dominance in the post-Cold War world order was

disrupted by the 9/11 terrorist attacks. This laid the groundwork for

revising US Middle East policy mechanisms, tools, and emphases

in terms of regional implementation, based on the politicalideological

beliefs and approaches of neoconservatives. The

unilateral and practically contradictory policy of "The Vulcans",

proponents of imperialist and "pro-Likudnik" tendencies that

embraced a global “war on terror” and promotion of democracy

through hard power, failed in post-war Iraq's reconstruction period

and was severely criticized. However, despite all this, the

principles of neoconservatism remain viable as an expression of

"American exceptionalism", manifesting itself predominantly in

the Middle East.

Keywords: neoconservative, USA, Middle East, Iraq, promotion of

democracy, Wilsonianism, rogue state, al-Qaeda, terrorism, "the

Vulcans", interventionism.

Astghik Hayrapetyan
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