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The new strategy of the U. S. Middle East policy and Egypt

Gor Gevorgyan

vol. VII(1,2)

Pages 90-99


Abstract

After the collapse of the USSR, the United States further activated its policy

in diff erent continents with the aim of replenishing the so-called “vacuum

space” that had resulted from the collapse of the bipolar system. In the light

of formation of new correlation of world forces, the American foreign policy

focused mostly on those parts of the world that were of direct importance to

US national security. In this regard, the offi cial Washington proposed a new

concept of geopolitical perception on the global region to regulate its vital

issues and secure its infl uence in the Middle East and North Africa region,

which at the same time would allow the United States to set direct control

over specifi c countries, “managing” their key economic resources, as well as

ensuring the security of its traditional ally Israel.

The new American concept assumed “reconstruction” of the Middle East and

North Africa region and “modernization and transformation” of the countries

in the region. By initiating the process, the United States tried to impose the

so-called “American democracy” model in the region.

Keywords: U.S. Strategy, “American democracy”, “The Great Middle East”,

“Modernization and transformation Middle East and North Africa”, “The

Middle East Reconstruction”, Egyptian Concept for the Development of the

Arab World.

Gor Gevorgyan
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