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The “Civil Concord”: attempt for peace in Algeria

Aram Gasparyan

vol. XI(2)

Pages 76-83

Abstract: In 1999, the ratification and implementation of the "Civil Concord" law was

a positive initiative, aimed at ending the long-standing "Algerian crisis" and ultimately

establishing peace and stability in Algeria. The purpose of the article is to present the

political processes prior to the "Law" towards the settlement of the conflict, which later

became the basis for the adoption of the "Civil Concord" Law. One of the key issues is

to study the positive and negative sides of the "law" and to show the omissions that

undermined the legislative initiative of Algerian President Abd al-Aziz Bouteflika. In

this regard, we consider it essential to present the inattention, sometimes even neglect,

to the problems of ethnic minorities (Berbers, Amazighs) in the process of national

reconciliation, which obviously did not contribute to the process of establishing final

peace in the country. After a description of the historical context, this article examines

the "Civil Concord" law, which had a great impact on the general situation of the

country, as Algeria continues to be in a vulnerable situation in economic and social


The novelty of this paper is that the Civil Concord was, in fact, the legislative change

initiated by the authorities that was supposed to be the basis and become the main tool

on the way to achieving public solidarity in Algeria. However, precisely in this respect,

the law and its consequences left out the Berbers, who were an integral part of

Algerian society. The internal political changes initiated by Abd Al-Aziz Bouteflika,

which began with the adoption of the Civil Concord, created a political system that

predetermined and shaped the model of the Algerian government system.

Keywords: Civil Concord, Algeria, Abd al-Aziz Bouteflika, National Reconciliation,

Algerian crisis.

Gasparyan Aram
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